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When Is Full Mouth Reconstruction Needed?

July 9th, 2021

Full mouth reconstruction may sound intimidating, but it provides patients with a beautiful, better functioning, and more balanced smile. The full mouth reconstruction process restores general oral health and cosmetic appeal for patients facing various complaints about their teeth.

Full Mouth Reconstruction

Dental Problems Domino

Dental problems pan out like the domino effect. People with severely damaged or missing teeth eventually experience more serious dental issues down the road. Complete mouth reconstruction can stop this domino effect before more damage or decay occurs.

What Is Involved in the Reconstruction Process?

Many of the same procedures used for full mouth reconstructions are also used for smile makeovers. However, a typical full mouth reconstruction tends to require much more extensive dental work, often requiring dental implants and, in severe cases, maxillofacial surgery.

What Makes a Good Candidate for Full Mouth Reconstruction?

Typical full mouth reconstruction candidates include:

  • Accident and trauma victims: Individuals who have suffered significant dental trauma from a sporting or car accident, for example, are typically excellent candidates for reconstruction. Repairing or replacing teeth is always most effective sooner rather than later. The chances of a successful reconstruction are far higher the sooner you seek dental treatment after an accident.
  • People with severe decay or worn teeth: While poor oral hygiene habits usually cause decay, tooth grinding or high acidity levels in the mouth cause excessive tooth wear. 
  • TMJ disorder (TMD) sufferers: Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) often has tooth grinding as one of its symptoms. Grinding can lead to severe tooth wear, cracked, or broken teeth. Severe TMD can cause a wide variety of other tooth damage that may require maxillofacial surgery.

Treatments will vary from individual to individual. Due to the extent of work that usually needs to be performed, expect your full mouth reconstruction to take several months.

How Can the Center for Exceptional Dentistry Help You?

If you live in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania area and have severely damaged or missing teeth, you may benefit from a full mouth reconstruction. Contact Pennsylvania full mouth reconstruction dentist Dr. Babak Firouzi at the Center for Exceptional Dentistry today to schedule your complimentary consultation at (412) 274-1126 or visit our contact page here.


3 Types of Sleep Apnea

July 9th, 2021

What kind of sleep apnea do you have? There are three main types of sleep apnea, each with distinct conditions that trigger them and treatment options. If you’re suspicious that you may suffer from sleep apnea, get the opinion of a medical professional like Dr. Firouzi. Sleep apnea can have very serious consequences, which make it critical to be diagnosed early.

sleep apnea

According to most estimates, sleep apnea affects more than 22 million Americans! This statistic puts sleep apnea within the ranks of type 2 diabetes for the number of people affected.

3 Types of Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea can be categorized into three distinct types: Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Central Sleep Apnea, and Mixed Sleep Apnea. 

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is the most common of the three types. Caused by an airway blockage, this form of sleep apnea occurs when the soft tissue in the rear of the throat collapses and closes during sleep. OSA is most recognizable by the fluttering of the throat muscles.
  • Central Sleep Apnea is the result of the brain failing to signal the muscles to breathe. Furthermore, there will be no effort to breathe again until the Carbon Dioxide levels in the blood get high enough to retrigger the brain. 
  • Mixed Sleep Apnea (Complex Sleep Apnea syndrome) is a combination of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Central Sleep Apnea. Mixing the two contributing causes to airway sleep disorders, Mixed Sleep Apnea is even more dangerous because they have to cope with a blocked airway and their brain not triggering muscles to breathe. 

The Importance of Diagnosis and Treatment

Thankfully, sleep disorders are treatable. Effectively treating each of these sleep apnea types begins with the proper diagnosis. Sleep apnea is diagnosed via a sleep study. This study can be conducted at home using prescribed equipment or in a lab for the most accurate results.

Many people are reluctant to see a doctor, either for fear of being diagnosed or because they think they already know what the doctor is going to tell them. This behavior can be detrimental to the health of people with undiagnosed sleep apnea since not having an official diagnosis can keep patients from receiving the level of treatment they need. 

The Effects of Undiagnosed Sleep Apnea

Undiagnosed sleep apnea equates to insufficient treatment. If left undiagnosed, sleep disorders like any of these forms of sleep apnea can cause:

  • High blood pressure
  • Other cardiovascular diseases
  • Memory problems
  • Weight gain
  • Impotence
  • Headaches

Sleep Apnea Treatment at the Center for Exceptional Dentistry

Sleep interruptions, lack of oxygen, weight gain, and obesity are all causes and effects of sleep apnea. Without diagnosis and sufficient treatment, effects of sleep apnea can have detrimental effects on a person’s health. 

Dr. Firouzi has experience treating sleep disorders for groups of all ages. To learn more about options for sleep apnea treatment, call Dr. Firouzi today at (412) 274-1126 or visit our contact page here.

4 FAQs About Cosmetic Dentistry

July 9th, 2021

When it comes to dental work, people always know they want a more beautiful smile, but they don't always know what their options are or what different courses of treatment might entail. FAQs about cosmetic dentistry are especially common as people begin to take a closer look at their appearance and focus on restoring the appearance of their teeth.

cosmetic dentistry

To better serve patients considering cosmetic dentistry, we've created a guide to frequently asked cosmetic dentistry questions.

What is Cosmetic Dentistry?

Cosmetic dentistry focuses on restoring, designing, and maintaining a beautiful, aesthetically pleasing smile. Some of the most common treatment plans include:

  • Teeth whitening
  • Contouring/tooth reshaping
  • Bonding
  • Bridges
  • Veneers
  • Dental implants
  • Tooth-colored fillings
  • Smile makeovers

Am I A Good Candidate for Teeth Whitening?

Teeth whitening can take a few forms, from at-home trays or whitening strips to in-office professional treatments. Patients who experience the most benefit from having their teeth whitened:

  • Are in good dental health
  • Maintain good dental health (i.e., brush three times a day, floss, receive regular dental checkups every six months, etc.)
  • May suffer from slightly discolored or yellow teeth
  • Wish to improve the look of their smile for aesthetic purposes
  • Are in good physical health

Will My Insurance Cover Cosmetic Dental Care?

Insurance coverage and out-of-pocket expenses for cosmetic treatment vary. Different insurance plans and providers can vary in their coverages. Our practice works with patients to provide several different treatment options. Additionally, we coordinate with our patients' insurance providers if coverage is available. You will know all of your treatment costs up-front so that you can choose the best payment plan for your needs and your budget.

What Problems Are Suitable for Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic dentistry can be a great option for patients experiencing a wide array of problems, including:

  • Crooked teeth
  • Chipped or cracked teeth
  • Discolored teeth
  • Missing teeth
  • Gaps between teeth
  • Misshapen teeth
  • Gummy smile

Cosmetic Dentistry at the Center for Exceptional Dentistry

Cosmetic dentistry doesn't just benefit appearances; it can benefit the function of your bite function and mental health. A smile is often the first thing we notice about people, and the first thing they notice about us makes a beautiful smile crucial for first impressions. To learn more about cosmetic dentistry and what options can work best for you, call Dr. Firouzi today at (412) 274-1126 or visit our contact page here.

Are Women Most Affected by TMJ Disorders?

July 9th, 2021

Temporomandibular joint disorders or TMJ disorders affect both men and women. Women report suffering from TMJ disorder symptoms as much as five times more frequently than men. According to the US National Library of Medicine, "The expansive body of literature in this area clearly suggests that men and women differ in their responses to pain, with increased pain sensitivity and risk for clinical pain commonly being observed among women." 


In addition to a higher rate of diagnosis, women often have more severe symptoms compared to men.

Why Do More Women Experience TMJ Disorders?

While men are traditionally harder on their bodies and don't seek medical attention as often as women, the differences in frequency and severity remain largely unanswered. The reason why women experience TMD at higher rates and greater severity than men is debated, but there are some theories. These theories include the hormonal, anatomic, behavioral, and genetic differences between the sexes.

  • Hormones: Some researchers have suggested that estrogen and progesterone hormonal fluctuations may be responsible. According to this line of thought, the higher estrogen and progesterone levels during a woman's childbearing years cause ligament laxity. As the jaw's ligaments become relaxed, it negatively affects the TMJ.
  • Anatomy: The physical shape of men's jaws may contribute to the differences in TMJ pain reports. Because the male jaw is less obtuse than the female jaw, this may create a more stable environment for men's TMJs during use.
  • Behavior: Behaviors can be a significant contributor to the development of TMD. For example, some researchers believe stress may cause women to clench and grind their teeth more than men. This behavior can lead to more stress on the TMJ and thus resulting in more symptoms.
  • Genetics: Recent advances in genetics have revealed that subtle DNA changes could partly explain the variation in individual differences in pain. 

Treating TMJ in Pittsburgh, PA

Effective TMJ treatment requires a multi-faceted approach from a neuromuscular dental professional. TMJ can cause a broad spectrum of symptoms making it difficult to diagnose and treat. Dr. Firouzi at the Center for Exceptional Dentistry specializes in TMJ and sleep apnea treatment making his office an excellent resource for those in need of relief. Visit our contact page here or call (412) 274-1126 today for more information.